Showing posts from January, 2012

Create a ftp user in windows

1. To get the details of the user in the server and also to add users you can use the command 'lusrmgr.msc' start>> run>> lusrmgr.msc While running this command you will get the list of users in the server. In order to create a new user, right click on 'users' >> 'New user' and to change the properties of the existing user, right click on the required user and select the 'Properties'. 2. Access IIS. This can be done using the command 'inetmgr' start>> run>> inetmgr In IIS select the corresponding domain inside the 'FTP sites' option and create a sub-directory with the name of the ftp user inside that domain. The document root of the domain is set on domain basis and all the users that come under that domain have their document root same. The document root can be set by 'right click on the domain'>> 'Properties' >>'home directory'

Error: No listening sockets available

Sometimes while restarting/starting apache process, we get the following error: Error:(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address listening sockets available, shutting downUnable to open logs Fix:- 1)Kill All nobody process. Use the following script for doing that. for i in `ps auwx | grep -i nobody | awk {'print $2'}`; do kill -9 $i; done or for i in `lsof -i :80 | grep http | awk {' print $2'}`; do kill -9 $i; done 2) Restart apache.

How to block an IP address(es) in Windows

If you ever feel that someone may be trying to break into your server or know an IP address that you want to block from accessing your server there is a built in firewall on all of our 2008 DDS servers. You can use this firewall to block either a range of IP addresses or a single address. 1. Log into your server via RDP. 2. Click on start > administrative tools > windows firewall with advanced security. 3. On the left side of the firewall window click on the inbound rules option. 4. On the right side of the screen click on New Rule. 5. Click on the custom radio button and then click next. 6. Make sure the All programs radio is selected then click next. 7. On the protocol and ports options leave everything at its defaults and click next. 8. On the scope screen you will see two boxes the top one is for local IP addresses and the bottom is for remote IP addresses. In this scenario we are trying to block an outside (remote) IP from accessing anything

Tunning / Optimizing my.cnf file for MySQL in Linux

While optimizing our mysql server, we should know about the parameters and the value assign to it. I am explaining the parameters and the appropriate value that should assign to it. 1. query_cache_size: In a situation where the database has to repeatedly run the same queries on the same data set, returning the same results each time, MySQL can cache the result set, avoiding the overhead of running through the data over and over and is extremely helpful on busy servers. 2. key_buffer: The value of key_buffer_size is the size of the buffer used with indexes. The larger the buffer, the faster the SQL command will finish and a result will be returned. The rule-of-thumb is to set the key_buffer_size to at least a quarter, but no more than half, of the total amount of memory on the server. Ideally, it will be large enough to contain all the indexes (the total size of all .MYI files on the server). 3. sort_buffer: The sort_buffer is very useful for speeding up myisamchk

Optimizing Apache in High-Traffic server in Linux

If you are reaching the limits of your server running Apache serving a lot of dynamic content, this article concentrates on important and poorly-documented ways of increasing capacity without additional hardware. Problems: ~~~~~~~~~ There are a few common things that can cause server load problems. One of the common problem is: too many processes (or runaway processes) using too much RAM Solutions: Improve Apache's RAM Usage ~~~~~~~~~ Directives: 1. Reduce wasted processes by tweaking KeepAlive KeepAliveTimeout is the amount of time a process sits around doing nothing but taking up space. Those seconds add up in a HUGE way. But using KeepAlive can increase speed for for you - disable KeepAlive and the serving of static files like images can be a lot slower. KeepAlive enable HTTP persistent connections to improve latency times and reduce server load significantly. I think it's best to have KeepAlive on, and KeepAliveTimeout very low (like 1-2 second